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# Windows Templates for Packer
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### Introduction

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This repository contains Windows templates that can be used to create boxes for Vagrant using Packer ([Website]( ([Github](
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This repo began by borrowing bits from the VeeWee Windows templates ( Modifications were made to work with Packer and the VMware Fusion / VirtualBox providers for Packer and Vagrant.
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### Packer Version

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[Packer]( `0.5.1` or greater is required.

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### Windows Versions

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The following Windows versions are known to work (built with VMware Fusion 6.0.4 and VirtualBox 4.3.12):

 * Windows 2012 R2
 * Windows 2012 R2 Core
 * Windows 2012
 * Windows 2008 R2
 * Windows 2008 R2 Core
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 * Windows 10
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 * Windows 8.1
 * Windows 7
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### Windows Editions

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All Windows Server versions are defaulted to the Server Standard edition. You can modify this by editing the Autounattend.xml file, changing the `ImageInstall`>`OSImage`>`InstallFrom`>`MetaData`>`Value` element (e.g. to Windows Server 2012 R2 SERVERDATACENTER).

### Product Keys

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The `Autounattend.xml` files are configured to work correctly with trial ISOs (which will be downloaded and cached for you the first time you perform a `packer build`). If you would like to use retail or volume license ISOs, you need to update the `UserData`>`ProductKey` element as follows:
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* Uncomment the `<Key>...</Key>` element
* Insert your product key into the `Key` element

If you are going to configure your VM as a KMS client, you can use the product keys at These are the default values used in the `Key` element.

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### Windows Updates

The scripts in this repo will install all Windows updates – by default – during Windows Setup. This is a _very_ time consuming process, depending on the age of the OS and the quantity of updates released since the last service pack. You might want to do yourself a favor during development and disable this functionality, by commenting out the `WITH WINDOWS UPDATES` section and uncommenting the `WITHOUT WINDOWS UPDATES` section in `Autounattend.xml`:

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<SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
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    <CommandLine>cmd.exe /c C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe -File a:\openssh.ps1 -AutoStart</CommandLine>
    <Description>Install OpenSSH</Description>
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<SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
    <CommandLine>cmd.exe /c a:\microsoft-updates.bat</CommandLine>
    <Description>Enable Microsoft Updates</Description>
<SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
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    <CommandLine>cmd.exe /c C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe -File a:\openssh.ps1</CommandLine>
    <Description>Install OpenSSH</Description>
<SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
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    <CommandLine>cmd.exe /c C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe -File a:\win-updates.ps1</CommandLine>
    <Description>Install Windows Updates</Description>
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Doing so will give you hours back in your day, which is a good thing.

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### OpenSSH / WinRM

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Currently, [Packer]( has a single communicator that uses SSH. This means we need an SSH server installed on Windows - which is not optimal as we could use WinRM to communicate with the Windows VM. In the short term, everything works well with SSH; in the medium term, work is underway on a WinRM communicator for Packer.
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If you have serious objections to OpenSSH being installed, you can always add another stage to your build pipeline:

* Build a base box using Packer
* Create a Vagrantfile, use the base box from Packer, connect to the VM via WinRM (using the [vagrant-windows]( plugin) and disable the 'sshd' service or uninstall OpenSSH completely
* Perform a Vagrant run and output a .box file

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It's worth mentioning that many Chef cookbooks will not work properly through Cygwin's SSH environment on Windows. Specifically, packages that need access to environment-specific configurations such as the `PATH` variable, will fail. This includes packages that use the Windows installer, `msiexec.exe`.

It's currently recommended that you add a second step to your pipeline and use Vagrant to install your packages through Chef.

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### Using .box Files With Vagrant

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The generated box files include a Vagrantfile template that is suitable for
use with Vagrant 1.6.2+, which includes native support for Windows and uses
WinRM to communicate with the box.

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### Getting Started

Trial versions of Windows 2008 R2 / 2012 / 2012 R2 are used by default. These images can be used for 180 days without activation.

Alternatively – if you have access to [MSDN]( or [TechNet]( – you can download retail or volume license ISO images and place them in the `iso` directory. If you do, you should update the relevent `.json` file, setting `iso_url` to `./iso/<path to your iso>.iso` and `iso_checksum` to `<the md5 of your iso>`. For example, to use the Windows 2008 R2 (With SP1) retail ISO:
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1. Download the Windows Server 2008 R2 with Service Pack 1 (x64) - DVD (English) ISO (`en_windows_server_2008_r2_with_sp1_x64_dvd_617601.iso`)
2. Verify that `en_windows_server_2008_r2_with_sp1_x64_dvd_617601.iso` has an MD5 hash of `8dcde01d0da526100869e2457aafb7ca` (Microsoft lists a SHA1 hash of `d3fd7bf85ee1d5bdd72de5b2c69a7b470733cd0a`, which is equivalent)
3. Clone this repo to a local directory
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4. Move `en_windows_server_2008_r2_with_sp1_x64_dvd_617601.iso` to the `iso` directory
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5. Update `windows_2008_r2.json`, setting `iso_url` to `./iso/en_windows_server_2008_r2_with_sp1_x64_dvd_617601.iso`
6. Update `windows_2008_r2.json`, setting `iso_checksum` to `8dcde01d0da526100869e2457aafb7ca`
7. Run `packer build windows_2008_r2.json`
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### Contributing

Pull requests welcomed.
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### Acknowledgements

[CloudBees]( is providing a hosted [Jenkins]( master through their CloudBees FOSS program. We also use their [On-Premise Executor]( feature to connect a physical [Mac Mini Server]( running VMware Fusion.

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